Wrinkles, although they signify wisdom or maturity are also a sign of aging. The skin cells divide more slowly with age and the skin’s inner layer called the dermis begins to thin. That starts to undo skin’s stretchiness and structure. Aging skin also starts to lose its ability to hold on to moisture, makes less oil, and is slower to heal.
There are many factors that cause wrinkles, the primary being sun exposure, smoking, inadequate sleep or diet, poor hydration and stress. Sun exposure is a major cause of wrinkles especially if you are fair skinned or blue eyed. To some extent genes also determine the skin texture. Wrinkles can also be hereditary.
However, research indicates that our genes govern only 30% of how we age; the remaining 70% is determined by how we treat our skin.
Below are some easy tips to delay wrinkles –
- Limit exposure to sun – Too much of exposure to Sun can cause skin damage. Stay out of the Sun during the peak hours i.e. 11:00am to 3:00pm. If you have to step out wear a broad spectrum sun screen and a broad brimmed hat or carry an umbrella. It would be a good idea to cover your hands and feet with long sleeved sun jacket and long pants. According to the American Academy of Dermatology wearing sunscreen regularly will also protect you from skin cancer.
- Smoking – Quit smoking immediately as smoking interferes with production of collagen which is the key component of skin’s structure. According to the Sibling studies done at the Twin Research Unit at St. Thomas Hospital in London it was found that the brother or sister who smoked tend to have skin that was more wrinkled and up to 40% thinner than the non-smoker. Heavy smokers are also prone to wrinkle 5 times more than the non-smokers.
- Get adequate sleep – Yale dermatologist Nicholas Perricone, MD, says that when you don’t get enough sleep, the body produces excess cortisol, a hormone that breaks down skin cells. Get enough rest, Perricone says, and you’ll produce more HGH (human growth hormone), which helps skin remain thick, more “elastic,” and less likely to wrinkle.
- Sleep on your back – Sleeping on your side increases wrinkles on cheeks and chin, while sleeping face-down gives you a furrowed brow. These “Sleep Lines” eventually turn into wrinkles. Therefore, it is important to sleep on your back as much as possible.
- Don’t squint – Wear sunglasses. Not only will wearing sunglasses protect the delicate skin around your eyes from the sun, but it’ll also help prevent squinting, which can cause wrinkling and Crow’s feet.
- Eat more food with antioxidants – Salmon is a rich source of Omega-3 essential fatty acid. It is one of the major building blocks of great skin and helps nourish skin keeping it plump and youthful. Also drink beverages that contain antioxidants like pomegranates, blueberries and green tea.
- Use moisturizer and splash your face with cold water – Regular use of a simple moisturizer will make the lines and creases far less noticeable. Also choose a gentle facial cleanser that does not dry your face. Splashing your face with cold water in the morning stimulates microcirculation and regenerates dermal membrane. However, do not over-wash your face, as that would strip the skin of its natural moisture and oil.
- Stay Happy – Depression causes increased aging. Therefore be in a happy relationship and have an optimistic approach to life. This will definitely prevent wrinkles.
However wrinkles are unavoidable. With the thinning of the dermal layer, reduced production of collagen wrinkles is inevitable.
What do the dermatologists say??
“Look as young as you feel, with the available information and technologies we have today, it is possible.” (Source : webMD).
Besides some expensive surgical treatments there are some topical treatments, which can reduce wrinkles.
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