It is a natural emotion for everyone to feel anxious every now and then. This is normal. For example, you face an emotion of nervousness when faced with a stressful problem at work or before taking a test or even before making an important decision. In case of anxiety disorders, it is different. These are defined as a group of mental illnesses that bring distress to your life which is responsible for disrupting you from carrying on with a normal leading life. This is a disorder which can be disabling for people who always worry and have an overwhelming fear emotion within them.
What Are The Types Of Anxiety Disorders
Anxiety disorders are also known as an Umbrella Term and consist of various conditions:
- Panic disorder: This makes you feel as if terror strikes at you on random occasions. During a panic attack, you may begin to sweat or even have chest pains. This may further lead to causing palpitations. Palpitations are unusually high or irregular heartbeats. This attack can get so severe that at times you may feel like you are choking, unable to breathe or even having a heart attack.
- Social Anxiety Disorder: This is also termed as social phobia. A feeling of overwhelming worry and self-consciousness with regards to daily situations is the definition of Social Anxiety Disorder. This disorder is responsible for getting you so self-conscious that you feel everyone around is judging you or you or being embarrassed and ridiculed.
- Specific Phobias: When you feel an intense fear of any particular object or a situation, e.g. heights or flying, this means you are facing a disorder of specific phobias. This is a fear that goes beyond what is appropriate and may lead to causing you to avoid certain situations.
- Generalized anxiety disorder: This disorder brings about a feeling of excessive, unrealistic worry and tension with little or no reason.
What Are The Symptoms Of Anxiety Disorder?
There are some general symptoms for all anxiety disorders namely:
- Fear, uneasiness, and panic
- Trouble sleeping
- You feel restless and are unable to stay calm and still
- Your hands or feet get cold, sweaty, numb or begin to tingle
- Having shortness of breath
- Heart starts to palpitate
- Dry mouth
- You start to feel nauseous
- Your muscles start to feel the tension
- You may get dizzy
What Are The Causes Of Anxiety Disorder?
There is a lot of research that is being done to know what exactly brings on anxiety disorders. However, they have not been able to conclude exactly the reason that brings on anxiety disorders. Just like other forms of mental illness, they originate from a combination of things which is also inclusive of changes made in your brain and environmental stress. This may also be a genetic disorder. This disorders may run in generations of families and made to link with faulty circuits of the brain which control fear and various other emotions.
How To Diagnose Anxiety Disorder?
When you approach a doctor with your symptoms, he would first check on your medical history. He may also run a few tests and such that he can rule out medical illnesses that might also be one of the causes of your symptoms. No specific lab test can be done to diagnose anxiety disorder.
There are times when a doctor is unable to find out on any medical reasoning towards how you feel, and it is entirely possible that he may send you to a psychiatrist, psychologist or any mental health specialist. These professionals will question and make use of tools and testing to conclude if you may have an anxiety disorder.
Your doctor shall also inform you on how long and how intense your symptoms are after diagnosing you. The doctor shall also check to find out if the symptoms are responsible for distressing your day to day activity.
What Is The Treatment Plan For Anxiety Disorder?
There are one or more therapies that most people with anxiety disorder could try:
- Medication: There are various anti-depressants which can work for anxiety disorders. They are inclusive of escitalopram (Lexapre) and fluoxetine (Prozac). There are also certain anticonvulsant medicines which are mostly taken for epilepsy and low dosages antipsychotic drugs which can be added as this could help make other treatments work better. Anxiolytics are also medications that could be prescribed as these drugs help lower anxiety. The examples of alprazolam are (Xanax) and Clonazepam.
- Klonopin: This treatment plan is specifically prescribed for only social or generalized anxiety disorder. People with Panic attacks may try this treatment plan too.
- Psychotherapy: This involves counseling sessions which address the emotional aspect of mental illness. A psychotherapist is a mental health specialist that helps you by talking about how to deal and understand with your anxiety disorder.
- Cognitive Behavioral Therapy: A therapy which helps you recognize and change your thought patterns and behaviors that are responsible for triggering deep anxiety or panic attacks is known as Cognitive Behavioral Therapy.
What Are The Tips To Manage These Symptoms?
Below mentioned tips may help you tackle or control or even lessen the symptoms of anxiety disorder:
- Try to avoid consuming foods and drinks which may contain caffeine, for example, cola, tea, coffee, energy drinks and even chocolate. Caffeine causes mood alteration, and it may worsen your anxiety.
- Consume, the right foods, exercise regularly and try to get better sleep. Maintain a good cardio workout such as aerobic exercises like jogging and biking. These help to release the brain chemicals that further cuts out stress and enhances your moods.
- Many people who suffer from anxiety disorder face sleep issues. Therefore, you must ensure to make getting good sleep as a priority. Try to follow a relaxing bedtime routine. Check with your doctor for a solution if you still face issues.
- Consult your doctor or pharmacist before taking any over the counter medication as many drugs may contain chemicals that could aggravate anxiety symptoms.
You are now aware of the symptoms of Anxiety Disorder. If you wish to find out natural remedies for anxiety relief you may click on the link below.
Michelle is the senior most expert who writes for this website. After completing her graduation and 10+ years of practice, Michelle has been involved and known for a lot of her philanthropy work. Michelle loves spending time researching and writing her papers. She occasionally writes for us and we are extremely proud to have her as one of our editors.