Diabetes is a slow killer disorder in the body which is caused in the body due to high levels of sugar levels. As per the International Diabetes Foundation statistics, it has been stated that the rate of diabetic people is increasing in millions every year. One of the vital causes for this for this disease to reach such a condition is due to the lack of awareness on Diabetes. By knowing the risk factors and necessary precautions, diabetes & other related conditions can be prevented. As you continue reading you will understand the essential information about diabetes and what one should know about this disease.
What Is Diabetes?
Diabetes is a chronic condition that is the result of high blood sugar levels (glucose) in the blood. Insulin is produced in the pancreas is responsible for reducing the blood glucose. When the body faces an absence or insufficient production of insulin it results to causing diabetes. There are two main types of diabetes namely Type 1 and type 2. This is also referred to as insulin dependent and non-insulin dependent diabetes.
Symptoms of diabetes usually include frequent urination, thirst, hunger, and fatigue. One can get this diagnosed by blood sugar testing. This condition contains major complications which can result to both acute as well as chronic. Acute complications comprise of dangerously elevated blood sugar (hyperglycemia), abnormally low blood sugar (hypoglycemia) and this can be caused also due to the diabetes medications. On the other hand, chronic complications are the disease of the blood vessels of both small and large that result to damage the feet, eyes, kidneys, nerves and affect the heart too.
What Are The Types Of Diabetes?
There are two main types of diabetes:
Type 1 Diabetes: Type 1 diabetes is also known as the insulin dependent diabetes or juvenile diabetes. It can be diagnosed when the pancreas is not in a position to produce sufficient insulin. This is also called as an autoimmune disease in the insulin. The pancreas refrains from producing sufficient insulin, and the body is unable to control the amount of glucose in the blood. Type 1 diabetes is a common condition in children. Children can develop this at any age. Various infants and toddlers are victims of this disease too. Type 1 diabetes tends to develop quickly in the body of a child, and the child may face very high and dangerous blood glucose levels at diagnosis.
Type 2 Diabetes: Type 2 diabetes is also called as non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus or maturity-onset diabetes. In this condition the body is made to get resistant to insulin which means that your body can produce insulin; however, this insulin is not put to use. Thus, this does not work well for the body. If your body faces this condition, then it is unable to control a number of glucose levels in the blood.
What Are The Various Risk Factors For Developing Diabetes?
With regards to type 1 diabetes, there are vital two risk factors. The first one is family history. In this case, anyone with a parent or a sibling who already has type 1 diabetes has a slightly increased risk of developing this disease in the body. The second factor is the genetic issue. The presence of certain genes can also be the reason for increased risk to develop type 1 diabetes.
There are some non-modifiable risk factors which you need to be aware of especially in the case of Type 2 Diabetes:
- Family history: Your blood relative who might have diabetes may increase your risk of developing this condition
- Age: The older you are, the higher the risk of developing diabetes 2. However, this condition usually occurs in middle-aged adults and above.
- History of Gestational Diabetes: During pregnancy, women who tend to develop diabetes or if you deliver a baby over 9 pounds, you face an increased risk
Just like how there are unmodifiable risk factors towards Type 2 diabetes, below mentioned are the modifiable risk factors of this diabetes:
- Overweight: As per medical research it has been noticed that about 50-70 percent of people who have diabetes are obese. If your body is 20% or above the optimal body weight, you are at the risk of developing diabetes.
- Physical Inactivity: Overweight plus physical inactivity ranks the top of the factors for prediabetes and type 2 diabetes. By allowing your body to achieve 150 minutes per week of moderate aerobic physical activity, you can enhance your health and minimize the risk of diabetes and various cardiovascular diseases.
- High Blood Pressure (hyper tension): this is a form of an untreated high blood pressure which has been linked to developing this condition called diabetes.
- Diabetes Symptoms This is low HDL ‘bad’ cholesterol or high triglycerides put you in a position of developing an increased risk of Type 2 diabetes.
How Should One Go About With The Treatment Plan Of Diabetes?
If one has a condition of type 1 diabetes, it can be treated with insulin, exercise and diabetic diet. But in case of type 2 diabetes, it is first treated with weight reduction, a diabetic diet, and exercise. If these solutions do not help to bring down your sugar levels than oral medication are commenced. If the oral medications are still not sufficient, insulin medications of other injectable medications can be considered.
Diabetes condition is one such disorder that requires round the clock commitment. You need to provide care management with healthy lifestyle choices. By doing so you can reduce the incidence of life-threatening conditions and also control diabetes related complications.